What Is Real Estate?

Real Estate Savannah GA is vital to our society and economy. It includes land and anything permanently attached to it, such as buildings and roads. Real estate can be owned by individuals or corporations. It is also a common investment vehicle. Real estate professionals, such as brokers and agents, facilitate transactions.

The development of real estate starts with raw land. Developers then seek municipal approvals and construct assets.

Strategies For Success In Real Estate


Real estate is land and the structures that are attached to it. These structures can be natural or artificial. Some examples of real property are buildings, roads and utility systems. In addition, real estate includes the rights and benefits that are inherent in ownership of land. These include the right to sell, lease or rent land. In business terms, real estate is an instrument of investment. It is classified into residential, commercial, and industrial properties based on its economic impact or physical nature. There are seven specific characteristics of real estate that affect its value: scarcity, improvements, location, investment permanence, uniqueness, immobility and indestructibility.

Real Estate is a vital part of the economy as it is used for housing, offices and retail. It is also a source of employment and revenue for millions of people in various industries including home improvement, development, lending, insurance, sales and leasing. In fact, the real estate industry makes up one of the largest sectors of the economy, generating trillions of dollars in economic activity.

It is important to understand the difference between real estate and personal property. While the two sound similar, they have different definitions under the law. Real estate refers to the land and everything that is permanently attached to it while personal property encompasses movable items like furniture, cars and farm equipment.

Another important distinction is that real estate includes land at, above or below the earth’s surface while personal property does not. This distinction is important because it allows people to purchase and use land based on their needs. It is also important because it helps to distinguish between land that has been purchased for investment purposes versus the land that someone lives on or uses as a primary residence.


The real estate industry contains many different property types. Some of these property types have distinct underlying advantages and disadvantages that affect the way investors manage them. Several factors are often considered when comparing property types, including market dynamics, pricing, and the intended use of a property.

Land and any structures built on it are considered part of real estate, as are the air rights above it and underground rights below. This includes the natural resources such as growing crops, minerals and water that a piece of land contains. It also includes the buildings, as well as any improvements made to the land and its structure by humans. Examples of improvements include roads, buildings, fences and other structures.

There are two main categories of real estate: residential and commercial. Residential includes places where people live, such as single-family homes, apartments and condominiums. This is the category that most people are familiar with and it usually contains new construction as well as resale properties.

Commercial real estate focuses on places used for business purposes, such as offices and retail spaces. It also includes warehouses and factories, as well as rental properties like office buildings, malls and restaurants. It also includes some specialized property, such as senior and assisted living and life sciences. This property type is particularly active right now because of Covid-19 and because of the need for space that can accommodate a variety of operations.

Other types of real estate include vacant land and property that is in the process of being developed. Some developers purchase a large area of land and build multiple buildings to create a complex, while others buy an existing building and make renovations to it. Vacant land typically refers to undeveloped property and can include farms and ranches, as well as areas that are being cultivated for food production.


The value of real estate is the monetary worth of land or structures on it, including the ownership and usage rights. It is determined by market participants’ perceptions of future benefits that they expect to derive from the acquisition. It is important to differentiate the value of real estate from the price paid for it. Generally, the price paid is not related to the property’s past prices or the cost of its creation.

There are many different types of real estate valuation, which are used for various purposes. The most common is fair market value, which is defined as the price that a property would be expected to sell for in a competitive and open real estate marketplace with all parties acting prudently and knowledgeably. This type of value is typically used for lending purposes.

Another type of real estate valuation is investment value, which is the present worth of anticipated future benefits to a specific purchaser or investor. It is similar to use value, but it takes into account the specific investment requirements of the owner or investor.

The location of a piece of real estate is also an important factor in its value. People often prefer certain geographic areas over others, which can result in differing values for properties in the same area. A property’s immobility and indestructibility also contribute to its value, as it is impossible to change the location of a piece of land. Furthermore, the effort and money spent to build a structure on the land is a significant fixed investment that is typically permanent. This is why a house or a building is considered real property, while a movable picnic table in the backyard is not.


Real estate taxes are a significant expense for property owners. Understanding how to calculate these taxes is crucial for both homeowners and investors. In addition, these taxes can have a direct effect on the value of your property.

A real estate tax is a charge on the ownership or use of land that is determined by the local government. These taxes can be charged for a variety of purposes, including public services and utilities. For example, a real estate tax may be charged to cover the costs of garbage collection or public education. These charges can also be applied to the sale of a property.

In some countries, such as the United States, real estate taxes are levied by a city, county or state, while others are imposed on a national level. These taxes can be based on either an ad valorem or a fixed rate system. A ad valorem tax is based on the value of the property in question, while a fixed rate system involves setting a specific amount of property tax for each type of property.

The difference in real estate taxes between different types of properties reflects the policy choices of elected officials. For instance, New York City limits the increase in property taxes on small homes, coops and condos to 6 percent per year or 20 percent over five years. This protects owners from rapidly rising property values, but it also penalizes owners of large residential buildings and commercial or industrial properties.

Another common tax on real estate is a transaction tax. This is charged when a person purchases a property, and it is often a percentage of the purchase price. In some cases, it is a flat fee. This tax can have a significant impact on the value of a property, and it is important to consider this when purchasing real estate.


Insurance for real estate is available in several forms and covers a wide range of potential risks and losses. Insurance companies offer a variety of coverage options, and it is important for investors to work with an insurance broker who can compare different policies and find the best option for their needs. Insurance brokers also have relationships with multiple insurance companies and may be able to get more competitive rates for their clients.

Real estate insurance can protect your investments against natural disasters, fire, and other issues that could potentially impact your business. Additionally, it is important for real estate investors to consider worker’s compensation insurance if they have employees that work on the properties. This insurance will provide medical care and death benefits for your employees in the event that they are injured on the job.

As a real estate investor, you will likely need to review the insurance requirements of every contract that you enter into with tenants. Whether it is a purchase and sale agreement, a service agreement or a lease, it is crucial to make sure that your insurance covers all the anticipated risks. Careful evaluation of insurable risks can help minimize disputes and litigation down the road.

Getting the right insurance for your real estate investment is critical to protect yourself from a loss that could cripple your business. Insurance for real estate can cover a wide range of losses, so it is important to work with an insurance broker who understands the industry and knows how to get you the most competitive rates. In addition, an insurance broker can help you with a wide range of additional coverage options, including workers’ compensation, property damage, and liability coverage.